Gaius Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar, who won the love of his nation at a young age, made a political alliance with Crassus and Pompey to govern the country. In 59 BCE he elected consul and the following year he left Rome for Gaul. He conquered most of the central Europe and made two expeditions to Britain. Eight years later he returned to Rome and wanted to maintain his position. During that time Pompey was leader of the senatorial party. Caesar was asked by the Senate to resign but he refused and went to war against Pompey. Pompey defeated by Caesar and fled to Egypt. Caesar made himself consul and eternal dictator. Republican senators were worried that Caesar was too powerful and plotted to kill him. He was stabbed to death on the Ides (15) of March 44 BC. by a group of people that included old friends. “You too, Brutus?” was his last words to his friend Marcus Brutus, who he had loved, and trusted. He was stabbed 23 times.
Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, Caligula
Caligula was the third emperor of Rome. According to the historical records he was a cruel leader. During his four-year reign, Caligula killed countless people. He called himself God, replaced the heads from statues of gods with his own and spent money recklessly. Caligula was said to have slept with wives of other men. In late January of 41 A.D. Caligula was murdered by officers of the Praetorian Guard. His wife and daughter were murdered as well.
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
The fifth Roman emperor, Nero is remembered as a brutal leader. He killed his mother, two wives and step-brother. Nero persecuted Christians and is said to have responsible for start the Great Fire of Rome. After the fire of Rome he raised taxes, took money from the temples and sold public offices in order to rebuild the city. This policy resulted in conspiracy against him. A group of people included knights, senators and poets planned to assassinate Nero but the plan was discovered and the leading conspirators were executed. Three years later, in March, 68 the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, Gaius Julius Vindex rebelled against Nero. The senate declared him a public enemy and named Galba as the new emperor. The next day, he committed suicide.
Lucius Aurelius Commodus
Commodus, was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He believed himself to be a reincarnation of the Greek god Hercules, and fought as a gladiator in the arena. He killed the most illustrious men of the time and thousands of wild animals of all kinds. He renamed months and after a fire in 191 wanted to rename Rome to City of Commodus. During his reign, Commodus was the target of several assassination attempts. An athlete called Narcissus strangled him in his bath on the final day of 192.
Publius Septimius Geta
Publius Septimius Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus. He ruled with his father and his brother Caracalla. Severus died in February 211 and left his empire to his two sons. While Geta had a gentle personality, Caracalla was cruel and ambitious. After Severus’ death, Caracalla killed Geta and ordered his name and face to be removed from inscriptions and sculptures.
Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus and Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus
Pupienus and Balbinus were jointly ruling emperors. They quarrelled often and lived in fear of assassination from the other. They had ruled for ninety-nine days and they both were killed by the soldiers.
Marcus Aurelius Carinus
Carinus was the son of the Emperor Carus. Carus died in 283 and Carinus succeeded in the West, and his younger brother Numerianus succeeded in the East. Numerian was assassinated in November 284 and Diocletian was chosen as emperor in the East. Carinus marched against Diocletian and at the moment when victory was near, he was suddenly killed by one of his own soldiers.